Reporting guidelines

Reporting guidelines

Reporting guidelines

To ensure that articles published in Spring Library journals have high standards of transparency and reproducibility, we strongly encourage authors to use appropriate reporting guidelines when preparing and submitting the articles. We also support our editors and reviewers in the use of these guidelines to aid their assessment of articles during the review process.

What are reporting guidelines

Reporting guidelines outline the information needed in an article about research using a particular study design, as defined by experts in the field. They are structured tools that usually include a checklist to be completed by the authors, along with other documents such as flowcharts. Reporting guidelines aim to ensure that articles can be:

  • Understood by a researcher
  • Replicated by a researcher
  • Included in a systematic review

Which reporting guideline should I use

We endorse the EQUATOR Network and FAIRsharing, which list clinical and general science guidelines, respectively. For the most common study designs, we recommend the following:

Study design

Reporting guideline

Randomized trials


Non-randomized controlled trials


Animal preclinical studies


Systematic reviews


Observational studies


Genetic association studies


Case reports


Qualitative research


Diagnostic/prognostic studies


Are reporting guidelines mandated

While authors are not currently required to complete checklists on submission, we strongly encourage the use of relevant reporting guidelines when preparing research articles. Our reviewers and editors are also encouraged to refer to these guidelines during the review process.

We are considering enforcing several reporting standards in the future.

Open Access

One of the most important advantages of open access is that it increases the visibility and reuse of academic research results.


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